Curriculum – P.S.H.E.C

Curriculum Intent: PSHEC

In line with the National Curriculum 2014, all schools must provide a curriculum that is broadly based, balanced and meets the needs of all pupils. The National Curriculum advises schools to make provision for personal, social, health and economic education (PSHE), drawing on good practice. At Uphall Primary School, PSHE is considered across the curriculum and is a fundamental part of the children’s school experience. Children are taught the importance of a growth mindset which supports their self-belief, resilience and perseverance and supports success across the wider curriculum and in social contexts.

Children have access to positive role models such as the RRS ambassadors. In addition, the emphasis on PSHE across the work of the school, Personal, Social, Health Education is taught explicitly as part of the whole-school approach. We believe that successful PSHE supports children’s learning capacity and this aspect of the school’s work is held in high regard as we believe that it promotes wellbeing and underpins children’s development as people. We follow the Jigsaw Programme scheme of work, which holds the PSHE Association Quality Mark. Jigsaw PSHE offers a comprehensive, carefully thought-through Scheme of Work which brings consistency and progression to our children’s learning in this vital curriculum area. As a school, we believe that children are all individuals and therefore, we aim to encourage mutual respect, resilience and foster self-resilience in a happy and caring atmosphere.

Characteristics of a child growing up as a successful citizen  in modern Britain.

  1. Be able to demonstrate that they recognise their own worth and that of others, and identify positive ways to face new challenges.
  2. The ability to express their views confidently, and listen to and show respect for the views of others.
  3. The ability to make choices about how to develop healthy lifestyles.
  4. The ability to identify some factors that affect emotional health and well-being.
  5. Ability to identify different types of relationships and show ways to maintain good relationships.
  6. Research, discuss and debate topical issues, problems and events.
  7. Understand why and how rules are made and enforced, why different rules are needed in different situations and take part in making and changing rules.
  8. Demonstrate respect and tolerance towards others, and resolve differences by looking at alternatives, making decisions and explaining choices
  9. Shown an appreciation of the diversity of religious, and ethnic identities in the United Kingdom and describe some of the different beliefs and values in society.
  10. Be able to articulate the meaning of the British Values and how these support harmony within their own and wider communities.

Implementation

Our pupils should be able to organise their knowledge, skills and understanding around the following learning hooks:

  1. Caring friendships
  2. Families and people who care for me
  3. Respectful relationships
  4. Being Safe
  5. Mental wellbeing
  6. Internet Safety and online harm
  7. Online relationships
  8. Physical health and fitness
  9. Healthy eating
  10. Drugs, alcohol and tobacco
  11. Health and prevention
  12. Basic First aid
  13. Changing bodies
  14. Being a good citizen

These key concepts or as we like to explain them to children – learning hooks, underpin learning in each milestone. This enables pupils to reinforce and build upon prior learning, make connections and develop subject specific language.

The vertical accumulation of knowledge and skills from Years 1 to 6 is mapped as follows:

Key ConceptLearning HookMilestone 1Years 1/2Milestone 2Y3/4Milestone 3Y5/6
Caring friendships Families and people who care for me Respectful Relationships VIPsThis unit explores the Very Important Persons (VIPs) in the children’s lives and the ways in which they can develop positive relationships with them. It enables them to identify what makes someone a special person in their life and who these are. They are also encouraged to explore why families and friendships are important and understand that although these units are different for everyone, there are things they can do to resolve differences and build healthy and positive relationships within them. This unit also teaches the children the importance of cooperation and how to show the special people in their lives that they care and the positive impact of doing this. VIPsThis unit, entitled VIPs (Very Important Persons), will focus on relationships we have with our VIPs. It will look at friendships, how friendships are formed and maintained, and the qualities of a good friend. The lessons will then move on to disputes and bullying and will address strategies for coping with each of these. VIPsThis unit entitled VIPs (Very Important Persons) will focus on relationships. Children will identify who their VIPs are within their families and friendship groups and how important kindness and respect are within these relationships. The unit addresses conflicts and resolutions in relationships. The children will also look at the secrets and dares as well as healthy and unhealthy relationships. 
Caring friendships  Being a Good CitizenTEAM – Together Everyone Achieves More This unit is inspired by the idea that if a team works well together, it has a positive impact on all of its members and what they can achieve. It aims to enable the children to develop successful collaborative working skills, such as good listening. In this unit, children learn about the importance of being kind to others, the effects of bullying and teasing and what to do about it if they see it happening, or it happens to them. They will also think about effective learning skills and how to identify good and not-so-good choices.   TEAM – Together Everyone Achieves More This unit is inspired by the idea that if a class team works well together, it has a positive impact on all of its members and what they can achieve. It aims to enable the children to identify the impact their actions have on the team they are working in. In this unit, children learn about successful teamwork skills, being considerate of others in the team and how to positively resolve any conflicts that occur. They will also learn about their individual responsibilities towards teams they work inTEAM – Together Everyone Achieves More This unit focuses on the positive qualities of a team, learning how to disagree respectfully and communicate effectively. It looks at the key qualities and skills needed for a team to be successful. The lesson address collaborative learning and teaches children how to compromise to ensure a group task is completed successfully. The unit ends by addressing the importance of caring for team members and the shared responsibility this has.
Being SafeSafety FirstIn this unit of work, children will learn about everyday dangers, in the home and outside and how they can keep themselves safe. Children will also learn about the Internet and how to stay safe online. They will be taught about the Underwear Rule, which includes information about appropriate and inappropriate touching and knowing that what is inside their underwear is private. Children will also learn about people who help them and how to get help when needed, as well as their growing responsibility for their own safety. Safety FirstIn this unit of work, children will consider what it means to take responsibility for their own safety. This will include the decisions they make and how they can stand up to peer pressure in a range of situations. They will learn about everyday risks, hazards and dangers and what to do in risky or dangerous situations. They will also learn about road safety and dangerous substances; drugs (including medicines), cigarettes and alcohol. Children will look at e-Safety, considering what should never be shared and how to report any concerns about online incidents. Safety FirstIn this unit of work, children will consider what it means to takeresponsibility for their own safety, including the decisions they makeand how they can stand up to peer pressure in a range of situations.They will assess the risk associated with different situations andlearn about what to do if they feel in danger. They will also learnabout how to identify an emergency, what to do in this situation andhow to get help when needed. Children will look at e-Safety in detail,including social media, considering what should never be shared andhow to report any concerns with incidents online.
Mental wellbeingThink PositiveThis unit is designed to help children recognise, talk about and accept their feelings, both positive and negative, as well as how to manage certain emotions. The lessons support them in thinking positively and calmly, making good decisions and developing resilience. Be YourselfThis unit is inspired by the idea that having confidence to ‘be yourself’ can have a positive impact on mental health and emotional wellbeing. It aims to enable children to recognise their positive qualities and appreciate their individuality. In this unit, children are encouraged to recognise different emotions and explore different strategies to help them manage any uncomfortable feelings they experience. They will learn about how big life changes impact on feelings and emotions and explore the importance of sharing their thoughts and feelings.  Aiming HighIn this unit of work, children will learn about having high aspirations. They will start by discussing positive views of themselves and will then identify how having a positive learning attitude can help them tackle and achieve new learning challenges and improve learning outcomes. Opportunities will also be provided for children to share aspirations for the future, with regard to employment and personal goals. Through this learning, different jobs and roles will be considered. In doing this, some of the difficulties faced by stereotyping will be explored.Think PositiveThis unit is designed to build on what the children have already learnt about feelings, both positive and negative and how our attitude towards life can affect our mental health. The lessons centre on themes such as thinking positively and calmly, managing difficult emotions, taking responsibility for decisions and developing a growth mindset approach to learning. Be YourselfThis unit is inspired by the idea that it is important to have confidence to be yourself. It aims to enable children to identify their strengths and achievements as well as help them to recognise different emotions they experience. In this unit, children will also explore how to express their thoughts and feelings respectfully and how to be assertive when in uncomfortable situations. The children will also have an opportunity to explore the influence of the media in how we view ourselves and analyse the reality of these messages. The unit ends with the children exploring how to make things right when we make mistakes and the importance of learning from these. Aiming HighIn this unit of work, children will focus on goals and aspirations. They will start by discussing achievements they have accomplished so far and the type of attitude that helps us succeed. They will identify ways of applying a growth mindset to new challenges and learn about the importance of resilience. Opportunities will also be provided for the children to share aspirations for the future with regard to employment and personal goals and through this learning they will consider different jobs and roles. They will explore some of the difficulties faced by stereotyping.  Children will have the opportunity to think further about the specific skills they might wish to develop in order to achieve their short, mid and long-term goals.Think PositiveThis unit is designed to help children further develop their understanding about thoughts and emotions, both positive and negative. The lessons centre around themes such as: the links between our thoughts, feelings and emotions; making good choices; mindfulness and applying a growth mindset approach to life. Be YourselfThis unit is inspired by the idea that we are all individuals and that it is important to ‘be yourself’. It aims to encourage the children to develop a positive view of themselves and enable them to recognise the importance of being proud of their individuality. In this unit, children focus on the importance of recognising situations where they need to make positive choices in order to do the right thing. They also explore how to avoid being led into tricky situations and how to recognise and respond to peer pressure. It will also look at how to be confident and how to manage uncomfortable feelings. The unit ends by helping the children to investigate how to make things right when they make a mistake. Aiming HighIn this unit of work, children will focus on achievements, aspirations and opportunities. They will start by discussing achievements they have accomplished so far and the type of attitude that helps us succeed. They will also learn about their own personal preferred learning styles, to understand how they learn best. Children will look at challenges people face and barriers to success, then think about strategies we can use to overcome such obstacles. They will identify opportunities that are available to them now and those which may be available to them in the future. Stereotypes in the world of work will be addressed, as children are encouraged to consider jobs they would like to do and the skills needed to do those jobs. The children will also have the opportunity to reflect on their personal goals and the steps they can take to achieve these in the future. Moving to High SchoolPupils will learn about the feelings and common anxieties pupils face when starting key stage 3 and moving to secondary school. They will also explore ways of managing these feelings. 
Internet safety and harms Online relationshipsSafety First Computing CurriculumSafety First Computing Curriculum Internet LegendsSafety First Computing Curriculum Internet Legends Tween SafeThese sessions will be delivered by an external agency and will provide children with support about how to be safe online. They will explore how to protect themselves from harm online, including how to protect their information.
Physical health and fitnessIt’s My BodyThis unit explores choices that children can make looking after their bodies. The lessons look at key areas where they can make safer choices: their bodies, sleep and exercise, diet, cleanliness and substances.It’s My BodyThis unit explores choices that children can make looking after their bodies. The lessons look at key areas where they can make safer choices: their bodies, sleep and exercise, diet, cleanliness and substances.It’s My BodyIn this unit of work, children will learn about how to take care of their bodies. This will involve learning about consent and autonomy, learning about body image and stereotypes and learning about substances, which are harmful to our bodies. Children will also learn about the importance of sleep and keeping clean, especially as their bodies change during puberty. Lessons will explore the things that influence the way people think about their bodies, where different pressures can come from and how these pressures can be resisted. Throughout the unit, children will be encouraged to consider the choices they have and learn about the support that is available to them 
Healthy eatingIt’s My Body It’s My Body It’s My Body 
Drugs, alcohol and tobaccoIt’s My Body It’s My BodySafety First  It’s My Body 
Health and preventionIt’s My BodySafety First  It’s My Body It’s My Body 
Basic first aidSafety First Safety First Safety FirstFirst Aid Workshop 
Changing bodiesGrowing UpThis topic is an introduction to how we grow and change, both physically and emotionally. Children will learn about their own and others’ bodies, looking at similarities and differences in people and learning about gender stereotypes. They will also learn about respecting their own and others’ bodies, keeping their bodies safe and sharing their feelings in response to life experiences. Growing UpThis topic builds on children’s knowledge of the human body; how we grow and change, both physically and emotionally. Children will learn about their own and others’ bodies and how male and female bodies are different. They will also learn about different relationships and family structures. Growing UpThis unit builds upon children’s knowledge of how we grow and change, both physically and emotionally and the types of relationships people have. They also learn about positive body images and stereotypes. 
Being a good citizenBritainThis unit is inspired by the idea that individuals can have a positive impact on groups and communities to which they belong. It aims to enable the children to identify that they belong to various groups and communities and ways in which they contribute positively to these. In this unit, children learn about community, being good neighbours and looking after the environment. They will also learn about Britain, what it means to be British, about diversity and the importance of celebrating and being respectful of our differences. One WorldThis unit is inspired by the idea that individuals can have a positive impact on groups and communities to which they belong. It aims to enable the children to identify that they belong to various groups and communities and ways in which they contribute positively to these. In this unit, children learn about community, being good neighbours and looking after the environment. They will also learn about Britain, what it means to be British, about diversity and the importance of celebrating and being respectful of our differences. Respecting RightsThis unit is based on the concept that we should all be rights respecting citizens in our communities. It is inspired by the fact that all people have rights that are shared and that it is important for us all to respect these rights. It aims to enable the children to explore the concepts of difference and fairness and encourages them to reflect on how we should behave towards those who are different from us and why it is important to be fair. In this unit, children also learn about who helps us to protect our rights and what we can do if we don’t feel safe. They will also reflect on how they can take part in the school community and why it is good to do what we can to make a positive difference. Aiming High  BritainThis unit is inspired by the idea that we live in a diverse, multicultural and democratic society and that this is important and brings many benefits. It aims to enable the children to identify that they should be respectful of difference. In this unit, children learn about British people, rules, the law, liberty and what living in a democracy means. They also learn about the importance of being tolerant of differences within their society.  One WorldThis unit is based on a case study of a fictional girl called Chiwa, who lives in Malawi. The children will explore different aspects of her life in each lesson. It is inspired by the idea that people’s life experiences and opportunities differ throughout the world and that our actions can have both positive and harmful effects on people living in different countries. It aims to enable the children to explore the concepts of inequality and stereotypes and encourages them to reflect on what they can do to help make the world a fairer place. In this unit, children also learn about climate change and its effects, fair trading practices and organisations, which help people like Chiwa. They will also learn about how to be a good global citizen Respecting RightsThis unit is based on the concept that living as rights-respecting citizens is important. It is inspired by human rights being shared by all people – no matter who they are or where they are from – and that these rights are there to protect all people, enabling them to live happy, safe, healthy and fulfilling lives. This unit helps children to understand that no one should take away their rights. It also helps children to explore the ideas of equality and discrimination and the consequences of both. In this unit, children learn about how they can make choices and take actions that respect the rights of others and challenge stereotypes. They will also learn about rules – why we have them and how they help us. Aiming High BritainThis unit is inspired by the idea that Britain represents a wide range of faiths and ethnicities and that the structures within it are there to support all. It aims to enable the children to identify how they can make a positive contribution to the community. In this unit, children learn about the law and the consequences of not respecting it. They will also learn about the workings of local and national government and the role of charities and voluntary groups in British society. One WorldThis unit is based upon the concept that we all have a responsibility to live as global citizens. It is inspired by the idea that we all have a responsibility to help the environment and all living things throughout the world through the choices we make. It aims to enable children to explore the ideas of sustainability, the use of the earth’s natural resources and the harmful effects of global warming. Children also learn about the steps they can take to reduce the harmful effects. They will also learn about the importance of biodiversity and its importance and explore what they would do to make the world a better place.  Respecting RightsThis unit is based on the concept that we can all make choices to live as rights-respecting citizens. It is inspired by human rights being shared by all people – no matter who they are or where they are from – and that these rights are there to protect all people, enabling them to live happy, safe and healthy lives. This unit helps children to understand that no one can take away their rights. It also aims to help the children to explore the ideas of equality and discrimination and the consequences of both. In this unit, children learn about how they can make choices and take actions, which respect the rights of others. They will also learn about human rights activists and how they work to make the world a better place. Aiming High  

Aspirations For The Future

Pupils develop an understanding of how subjects and specific skills are linked to future jobs.

Here are some of the jobs you could aspire to do in the future:

  1. Guide Dog Trainer
  2. Rehoming Assistant
  3. Kit Manager
  4. Attractions Manager